Environmental research

At a local, regional and global level, the environment evolves through its internalities as a natural functional system and due to the pressure exerted by the natural and especially anthropic externalities which are increasingly spatially diversified. The knowledge about the environmental state, its functional mechanisms, and the assessment of its quality are today a necessity, because we cannot understand the limits of its carrying capacity of anthropogenic insertions, or of the artificializations of the different components. The environment needs to be defined and researched as an integrated object, with priority to assessing the links that it incorporates as a whole, which are conditioning its structure, functionality and dynamics: economy-energy-entropy-ecology.

The avalanche of the current crises that the environment is facing and their growing impact on the socio-economic structures has divided the scientific world into supporters of man’s guilt for all these transformations and partisans of the idea that the environment is too broad and complex to be influenced by man. The research of the favorable and restrictive factors induced by the natural and human-related factors, the flows between the components and the ecological potential, the artificializations and the technological insertions made to control the environmental quality, the human society’s incidence on the environment and landscape structure and functionality, the projection of the environmental health state on the socio-economic systems, the management of renewable and non-renewable natural resources, the ecological education, the environmental institutions and mechanisms, the environmental legislation, the consideration of the value of the natural resources and services in the economy, the investments for environmental conservation and protection are as much evidence to support the importance given to environmental research in contemporary society.

The subdomain Environmental Research proposes as major directions within the Simion Mehedinţi – Nature and Sustainable Development Doctoral School: the ecology of human settlements, landscape ecology, environmental impact assessment, biodiversity conservation and environmental planning.

THE ECOLOGY OF HUMAN SETTLEMENTS

The research direction The Ecology of Human Settlements seeks to develop integrated methodological approaches to support researchers and practitioners in designing a sustainable vision of the future of human settlements. Thus, the understanding of the complexity of the relationships between the natural and man-made components within human settlements (including ecosystem services), the assessment of the impact of different anthropogenic insertions on the structure and functionality of human settlements (including nature-based solutions) and the analysis of the administrative and institutional mechanisms that can contribute to an increase of the sustainability and resilience of human settlements are explored.

Professors: Prof.univ.dr. emerit Maria Pătroescu, Prof.univ.dr. Ioan-Cristian Iojă

LANSCAPE ECOLOGY

Lanscape ecology is the study of spatial variation in landscapes at a variety of scales. It is based on the European tradition of regional geography, and its development was made possible by the improvement of aerial photography techniques. Landscape ecology focuses on the several topics: (i) the reciprocal interactions between spatial heterogeneity and ecological processes, (ii) driving forces (natural, social, economic) and their consequences on the landscape, (iii) the relationship between human activity and landscape patterns.

Professor: Prof.univ.dr. Ileana PĂTRU – STUPARIU

BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION 

This research group focuses on understanding how better management and governance of species and communities can improve social-ecological resilience and human wellbeing in Romania and Europe.
We are looking for motivated PhD applicants with strong quantitative skills to join our group. The PhD applicants will have the opportunity to develop their own research goals related to the broader subjects such as:
– Wildlife ecology of species or communities (movement ecology, habitats selection, population ecology)
– Changes in species distributions at large scales
– Systematic spatial conservation planning
– Environmental governance (network analysis)
The taxonomic and spatial reach of our research is broad, ranging from large carnivore to reptiles and from individual protected area to continental scale.

Professor: Prof.univ.dr.habil. Laurențiu Rozylowicz